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Windows Server  // windows 2003, 2008, R2 how tos

SOLVED: What Are The Common Variables In Windows

Below is a complete list of Windows variables.  If you are writing any sort of script, PowerShell, or command line you will need to know: The variable for username is %username% The variable for the Windows Directory is %windir% or %systemroot% The variable for Program Files is %ProgramFiles% or %ProgramFiles(x86)% The variable for the current […]


SOLVED: What is the Path to a Users STARTUP Folder in Windows 10

The path to users Startup folder in Windows 10 is: %userprofile%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup ie. C:\Users\JimmyJo\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup You can open a users Startup folder by going through Windows Explorer, command line or by right clicking on the START button and typing the command shell:startup  . The path to the ALL USERS Startup folder in Windows 10 is: %allusersprofile%\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\StartUp ie. […]


16 Mar Posted by in Windows Server | Comments

SOLVED: What Are The Limits of SQL Express 2016 and Can SQL Express Be Used In Production?

It is a common misconception that SQL Express 2016 cannot or should not be used in production environments.  SQL Express 2016 (and SQL Express 2014 and 2012 and…) are most certainly licenced to be used in production at no cost.  In fact, for most small and medium applications the only significant difference between SQL Standard and […]


14 Mar Posted by in Windows Server | Comments

SOLVED: SCVMM Agent installation failed on HOST Unknown error (0x80041003)

If you are trying to install or update the SCVMM agent on your HyperV hosts controlled by System Center Virtual Machine Manager and you might see the following error. Error (410) Agent installation failed on <HOST NAME> Unknown error (0x80041003) Recommended Action Try the operation again. If the problem persists, install the agent locally and […]


SOLVED: File Explorer Mapped Drives Close Spontaneously

If you see your mapped drives disappear you may have a Group Policy that maps your network shares using the REPLACE feature.   Another symptom I noticed occurs if you remote (RDP) to a different PC and leave it for a few days, multiple mappings for the same letter will appear. The simple fix is to set the Drive […]


SOLVED: The Complete List Of How To Fix Windows Update Errors, Like 0x800F0922

If you have errors in Windows Update you know how frustrating it can be trying to find solution.  The ‘We couldn’t complete the updates. Undoing changes’ message is not particularly helpful. Below is a list of fixes for Windows Update problems in order from easiest to most difficult: Reboot your PC Don’t just log off Use the Windows […]


SOLVED: How Long Does It Take For Group Policies To Take Effect?

The short answer is that is takes up to 2 hours for Group Policy changes to take effect for both Computer and for User policies.  However, as usual there is more to the story. What is a ‘Background Refresh’ of a Group Policies? Unless you have changed the defaults, Group Policy is automatically updated every 90 minutes for both […]


SOLVED: What Is the Difference Between Microsoft ‘Mainstream Support’ and ‘Extended Support’

If you have been getting worried about your Windows OS running out of support, you might be confused by the terms. Windows Vista SP2 ran out of ‘Mainstream Support’ on April 10th 2012 but has ‘Extended Support’ until April 11, 2017. Windows 7 SP1 ran out of Mainstream Support on January 13 2015 but has […]


SOLVED: GPO to Disable the RESTORE Button In Shadow Copies

If you want to disable the RESTORE button in PREVIOUS VERSIONS/SHADOW COPIES using a Group Policy Object (GPO), you are smart.  Humans make mistakes so IT Administrators need to set policies to protect people from themselves. I argued with Microsoft about this fact when Shadow Copies came out and the response was that staff should be able to restore […]


SOLVED: Step By Step USMT Script To Migrate as Single User On Windows 10

If you are replacing your Windows 10 hardware or just moving a user from one PC to another you can use User State Migration Tool (USMT). Download the latest Deployment Kit USMT directly from Microsoft Install the ADK Copy the USMT folder to a network share of your choosing.  USMT is extracted by the ADK […]


SOLVED: What Do The Windows 10 Product Names Mean in WSUS

If you are trying to decide what Products to include in your WSUS settings, this is the article for you.  SCOM and WSUS currently have a dozen Windows 10 “products” listed but the descriptions are useless.  After several hours of reading and asking Microsoft Partner Support about the various settings, this is what I have deduced: […]


SOLVED: How To Fix Corrupted or Renamed Zip Files

In my case I had 4 ZIP files as part of a Split (sometimes called Span) that had been moved from floppy disk to a DVD and renamed.  This made it impossible form Windows EXTRACT or WinZip or 7Zip to figure out which file was which. The file names were: Each file […]