SOLVED: Windows 10 Hard Drive Partitions Explained In Simple Terms

A disk “partition” is just a logical slice of a hard drive.  Logical means that you still only have a single drive but it is virtually cut into pieces so that if one partition has a problem, the whole disk will not fail. Let’s look at each of the different partitions you are likely to see on a hard drive running Windows 10 or Windows Server: 1- What is the RECOVERY Partition? The Recovery Partition…

SOLVED: 4 Easy Commands To Query Information From Remote Computers

If you are a system administrator or even a desktop support person, finding out information on a remote users computer is something you need to know how to do.  Fortunately, Microsoft has made quite a number of commands easy to use. Here are some of the remote commands we use frequently.  Just right click on the START button and select POWERSHELL as an Administrator that has permission to the remote computer and try these short…

SOLVED: What is an Active Directory Kerberos Golden Ticket & How Can It Be Easily Reset

WHAT IS KERBEROS AUTHENTICATION IN WINDOWS? Microsoft Windows Active Directory has a few fundamental core components that everything else is built upon.  One of those is the main Kerberos key.  The KRBTGT (Kerberos Ticket Generating Ticket Account) user account (take a look in ADUC > USERS… it is there), is used to encrypt and digitally sign all Kerberos tickets… which is ALL of the users and ALL of the devices. “…Kerberos is an authentication protocol…

SOLVED: The Complete Guide to Installing & Using Defender Application Guard with Chromium Edge, Google Chrome or Firefox Browsers

WHAT IS DEFENDER APPLICATION GUARD: Application Guard is a fantastic option to run programs in a very secure space that is separated from the host operating system, thereby eliminating many potential hacks.  For instance if you ran the WannaCry cryptolocker program from a website running with Application Guard, it would fail to encrypt your hard drive. HISTORY: Microsoft introduced Windows Defender Application Guard (WDAG) in September 2016 and renamed it Microsoft Defender Application Guard (MDAG)…

SOLVED: How Does Microsoft Windows Defender Application Guard Work?

Microsoft Windows Defender Application Guard was developed because so many tools were “sandboxing” that hackers were spending more and more time going under the security by attacking the operating system Kernel. Application Guard operates as JUST less than a full virtual machine in something called a HyperV Container.  These containers do NOT require Hyper-V to be installed but do require virtualization to be enabled in your computers BIOS. The slides below explain much of the…

SOLVED: 6 Ways Type a \ Backslash on a British PC with a US Keyboard

If you are connecting to a computer to a PC configured with the language set to ENGLISH (UNITED KINGDOM), but you have ENGLISH (UNITED STATES) keyboard you will have some problems typing typical admin commands incluing the backslash. Fortunately there are four easy ways to generate a \ with a US keyboard on a UK language PC: Hold down the ALT key to the RIGHT of the spacebar and press the backslash key (i.e right…

SOLVED: VIDEO: Setup a File Share in the Microsoft Azure Cloud Map a Drive Letter, Use Azure Storage Explorer & Azure File Sync

We created this video to provide a full walk through of creating a drive letter mappable network share from Microsoft Azure to your computer. 02:35 Create a STORAGE GROUP 11:20 Create a SHARE 13:30 Access the share by Mapping a Drive Letter 16:50 Access the share using portal.azure.com 17:15 Access the share using Azure Storage Explorer 19:30 Access the share using Azure File Sync (your on-prem servers!) If you want to use NTFS permissions on…

SOLVED: Okta – Your Passcode Doesn’t Match Our Records OR Failed to Send Push Authentication

If you are using Okta Verify for multifactor authentication you may see either: Your Passcode Doesn’t Match Our Records, when using the ENTER CODE option Failed to Send Push Authentication, when using the SEND PUSH option The problem is most likely the clocks are not synchronized.  There are three clocks to consider: Your cell phone Generally you will want to set your cell phone to sync automatically to your cell service providers clocks which will…

SOVLED: Okta – Unable To Sign In

If you are using Okta Verify for two factor authentication and see the following “Unable To Sign In” message you likely have one of three issues. However, before you get too deep, you should check the error log.  Okta’s log is very easy to understand and read: log into Okta and click the ADMIN button (top right… assuming you are an administrator) click the REPORTS menu item at the top of the screen click SYSTEM…

SOLVED: How To Configure Chromium Edge IE Compatibility Mode

If you are trying to get rid of Internet Explorer inside your organization, you likely will want to use the new Microsoft Edge (aka. Chromium Edge and CrEdge).  The problem is that there are some features inside IE that most companies still can’t live without due to incompatibility.  The solution is to set Edge to run Internet Explorer in the background for just those sites.  This is called compatibility mode and it is not near…

FREE VIDEO: Learn Microsoft Azure In 1 Hour Boot Camp

If you are new to Microsoft Azure and want a crash course, we have what you are looking for.  Azure is a giant product from Microsoft that can be used for storing files, databases, security configurations and virtual machines.  So to get you started we created a free 6 part video with a total run time of 50 minutes that demonstrates all of the steps required to set up a Windows Server 2019 Domain Controller,…

SOLVED: VIDEO: How to connect to AzureAD AzureRM & AzureCLI using PowerShell

In this short video we explain and demonstrate how to connect PowerShell to AzureAD AzureRM & AzureCLI: How to Connect to AzureAD? Launch a PowerShell as an administrator Make sure you are running PowerShell 5.0 or newer: $PSVersionTable.PSVersion Install the required module: Install-Module MSOnline Sign into Azure: Connect-MsolService Run your commands: Get-Command -Module MSOnline How to Connect to AzureRM (aka. Azure Resource Manager – ARM)? Launch a PowerShell as an administrator Make sure you are…

SOLVED: 4 Ways To Change Your Password in a Remote Desktop Session

If you work remotely like most of us these days, you will likely need to change your password on your office PC.   If you press CNTL ALT DEL while connected to Remote Desktop session, your home computer’s security window will appear (SIGN OUT, LOCK, CHANGE PASSWORD) which does you no good. 4 Ways to Change Your Password In a Remote Desktop 1: CNTL ALT END CNTL ALT DELETE by passes all programs and goes directly…

SOLVED: How To Figure Out What Switches a Piece of Software Has

If you have been an administrator for any length of time you have found yourself being unable to script an installation or change software because you don’t know what the switches are for that software.  We recently had the same problem and found a very cool solution. We needed to run the new Microsoft Windows Update tool through command line but it is officially unsupported and therefore undocumented… very annoying.  The tool is called USOClient.exe…

SOLVED: What is a Windows 10 Enablement Package

Windows 10 was originally supposed to ship new versions (not just patches, but actually new features) 4 or more times per year but that was reduced several times to what we have in 2020 which is two releases: a substantial new version each Spring named after the year and half or the year and the month (ie. Windows 10 20H1 = Windows 10 2004) a major patch with few feature upgrades in the fall again…